Your observation assignment will be based on a single observation of a child, involving the collection of language data. The instructions below offer tips and guidelines from choosing your participant to writing your report.
Step 1: Choose a partner and a participant, get a consent form signed
• Can be any child within the age ranges of the assignments, below, as long as you have parental permission
• Think about family, friends, neighbours, etc., RYERSON’S ELC NOT PERMITTED
• NOTE: the child you choose will in part determine your topic, because not all topics relate to the same developmental stages (see topics, below)
• I have put this option first, because for many of you you may not have a wide range of options for ages, so it is best to ensure you have a participants, first.
Step 2: Choose a Topic and Collect Data
NOTE: Please follow these guidelines in your data collection:
• Use a small device to record – DO NOT USE OR EVEN BRING A LAPTOP
• Avoid the use of any technology in child’s activities – no computers, electronic toys, etc.
• Setting: do not collect data in a room or adjacent to a room with a television playing or other children playing, or video games being played, etc. Please avoid all major distractions (although it is understood that day to day life will be going on, please avoid these major attention getters)
Step 3: Writing the report
• Sections for the report are as follows:
o Introduction/Background (1.5-2 pages): write a paragraph on the topic, explaining key terms and why we are interested in this topic, then write about one study, in which you describe what their findings were and how they relate to you the work you will do. You will find one-two articles on D2L from which you can choose, or you can look up your own article (if you do so, it needs to be approved by me).
At the end of the section, state a clear research goal, such as “this study will examine the phonological development of a 10 month old child…”, etc.
o Methods (1.5-2 pages): explain what you did, including:
Time, place, setting, materials, age of child(ren)
What procedures you carried out with the child, and information on anyone else who may have been involved
Transcription information as well as any scoring or analysis that you performed
o Results (1.5-2 pages): describe what you found
It may be helpful for you to use tables to summarize quantities of information, or other visual presentations of your data
Describe patterns that you discovered
Summarize information in an interpretable way, using totals and percentages if that is appropriate to your topic
o Discussion (approximately 1.5-2 pages)
Discuss your findings in terms of two key components: your readings/theory, etc., and research findings in the article.
Report Writing and Submission Guidelines (marks deducted for any violations):
• Overall length: 6-8 pages (see marking scheme for rough breakdown)
• Use your own language and DO NOT PARAPHRASE (we will discuss this in class)
• Do not use any direct quotations (other than terminology or test names) in your assignment. This means that you will cite sources in-text as you write your paper, but you will not use the words of the author. Doing so will result in a loss of marks.
• NOTE: you are not permitted to quote my lecture notes or things that I said orally in class. You are to refer to the textbook or articles only, including page number. Your integration of course content must be specific and easily trackable by myself.
• 12 point font (Times New Roman, Arial, Verdana or Trebuchet),
• Double spaced, 1-inch margins
• APA formatting:http://isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=apa_exposed