The Utilitarian Approach

Who are the two philosophers that gave a “definitive formulation” to utilitarianism? How is the utilitarian approach (generally) different from Aristotle’s virtue ethics?
Describe Bentham’s “Principle of Utility.” What was radical about Bentham’s theory, especially regarding the laws and institutions of England?
How does Mill’s version of utilitarianism differ from Bentham’s? Further, what is “happiness,” then, for Mill?
Analyze the way a utilitarian would reason about euthanasia or the treatment of nonhuman animals (the two examples toward the close of the chapter). What works? What doesn’t seem to work?
What are the three standard “propositions” of utilitarian theory? How does classical utilitarian theory conceive of happiness (that is, happiness in relation to what is good and what is right)?
H.J. McClosky argues that the consequentialist aspect of utilitarianism is flawed since it is incompatible with justice. Give and example of McClosky’s claim.
Other critics maintain that the consequentialist aspect ofutilitarianism is flawed since it is incompatible with rights. Give an example of this
Utilitarians have given three distinct “lines of defense” against the above criticisms. Explain each.

“Ethics and Leadership Effectiveness” Ciulla

What is the Hitler Problem? In the context of the problem what does the term “leader” mean?
What is Moral Luck and why is it an important aspect of ethics and leadership?
From a leadership perspective, what is the difference between teleological and deontological ethical theories?
How is transformational leadership contrasted with transactional leadership?
What are the benefits and drawbacks of Charismatic Leadership?
What is the Bathsheba Syndrome?