Migrant Workers, Technology and Sustainability
Q 15. Migrant Workers’ Predicament
Canadian migrant farm workers face various barriers and legal restrictions such as dubious contracts, discrimination, and racism when exercising their rights. The migrant workers are also prone to abuse meted by third-party recruiters who make it a requirement to pay thousands of dollars when they are need assistance or making applications. Another legal implication with undesirable effects is the protracted family separation which seems many farm workers toil in Canadian soil for years without being cleared for permanent residence. The workers also face sexual abuse and violence cases, lack of overtime compensation, inaccessibility to healthcare, and inadequate housing which are fundamental rights spelled in the constitution.
Canadian migrant farm workers can exercise their rights if they successfully fight for their right to be represented by unions. However, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in section 2(d) denies the temporary farm workers any form of collective bargaining and consequent their labor protection statutory rights. Hence the government should revise this and the repatriation of workers to their home countries to accommodate the migrant farm workers and enable them to exercise their human rights and freedoms.
Q 16. Impacts of Universal Basic Income (UBI)
The major goal of UBI is guaranteeing a minimum income for every citizen. UBI has both positive and negative impacts. For instance, it has improved health and reduced income inequality and poverty. An example is the Alaska Permanent Fund which has considerably led to the increased bridging of the income gap since its 1976 implementation. However, UBI eliminates the incentive to work and creates adverse economic effects that cause a shortage of skills and labor. Since the initiative engages in unconditional payment to people, they lack the motivation to work and gain the skills required for success. Hence the Canadian economy will become less effective and the government will have to call for immigrant professionals to bridge the skills gap created.
Thus, the UBI implementation in Canada will be both a negative and positive policy depending on the point of view. The policy is negative because even as it gives people a minimum income, it redistributes funds from poor people uniformly upwards hence increasing the poverty levels. The policy is positive because it ensures all citizens have a minimum earning to foot their basic needs. Consequently, there are lower rates of school dropouts and hence job growth as people can engage in training to sharpen their skills.
Q.17 Technology for Workers
Technology makes work efficient. However, it may lead to downscaling of workers within organizations which is a major cause of unemployment. Thus, for technology to benefit workers, it should facilitate better communication within the organizations. This way, it enhances the exchange of ideas and information across departments. Besides, technology can be used in training and skills development to enable workers to grow in effectiveness and efficiency as they carry out daily duties. This way, their importance cannot be overrated as they are empowered to use technology in solving organizational problems.
Q.18 Impact of Sustainability Programs
The leap manifesto and Green New Deal and sustainability programs aimed at halting the use of fossil fuels and being mindful of others and the environment. Sustainable development is a major global call to deal with the climate change crisis and preserve the environment for future generations. These two programs among others are fundamental in reducing pollution even as countries struggle to gain economic prowess. The approach employed in these programs aims at utilizing modern ideas such as resource efficiency and renewable energy to cut on greenhouse gases released into the environment.