The Role of the Community in Health Care

The Role of the Community in Health Care
The community has an important role to play in the field of health care. At Fremont community culture and high costs of healthcare are some of the major concerns experienced by the members of the community. The influence which culture has on healthcare is great. According to Wozniak, Bellah and Riley (2016), culture influences how health, death and illness is perceived. Culture will also determine the approaches implemented in health promotion and the treatment type which is preferred by a patient. I see health promotion as an effective tool which the members of the community can use to build a desirable culture among the people. The members of the community also find it difficult to have an access to healthcare services as a result of its high costs.
Fremont community is composed of people from different background with different cultural beliefs. Notably, some cultures are quite reserved and do not believe in the use of scientific medicines for treatment. However, with the scientific advancement, it is evident that most scholars, including health practitioners encourage the use of medication as the only effective means of treatment. Cyril, Smith, Possamai-Inesedy & Renzaho (2015) suggests that nurses should respect patient autonomy. This means that when a patient opts for an alternative means of treatment, their decisions should always be respected. However, in the community, some health practitioners will administer medication to patients even in the event when they consider the move as one which goes against their culture. I believe that the community can intervene in this case through engagement. Community engagement is an appropriate tool which offers voice to the voiceless. The disadvantaged groups which normally experience health inequalities as a result of their cultures should be protected through the collective action of the society.
Cultural barriers can also make it difficult for different members of the community to access quality and proper healthcare services. I believe that the manner in which people from different cultures communicate vary and can always result to conflict and misunderstanding. Excluding the disadvantaged members of the community as a result of the variance in culture by nurses widen health disparities. However, through community engagement approaches, it is true that the needs of the members of the community can be addressed by encouraging the nurses and other health services providers to devise policies that considers the needs of the disadvantaged members of the community. According to Wozniak, Bellah and Riley (2016), establishing community engagement policies and initiatives which match the needs of the community as well as its cultural framework enhances the ability to include the marginalized persons in an environment defined by equality. I agree that such effort are effective in promoting proper health among all the societal members in that the unmet health and social needs will no longer be a factor of concern in the community.
A community-based solution is effective in promoting health equity. In my community, taking community action focused on promoting equity in health has always resulted to a desirable outcome when it comes to promoting good health among the people. For instance, most of the health facilities offering quality care in my community offer costly services. As a result, proper nursing intervention efforts have not been effective in encouraging people to access quality care since the members of the lower socioeconomic class find it difficult to have access to these services. However, when the nurses and the members of the community work together, it is evident that the two can devise favorable ways of guaranteeing the delivery of quality health services at more affordable costs. In support of this, Wozniak, Bellah and Riley (2016) states that community engagement is continually becoming an effective strategy which involves harnessing the potential of the members of the community. I realize that harnessing the potential of the community comes in handy in ensuring health improvement. Evidently, when the nurse works hand in hand with the community representatives, it is clear that most members of the community will be informed of proper ways of having their concerns about the costs of health care addressed. For instance, the community members can come together and foster a sense of engagement after understanding the impact of the high costs of healthcare. Through this, it is easy for the members of the community to raise their voice and directly communicate to their government leaders about the impact of the high costs of care to foresee the establishment of effective cost reduction policies. I believe that when the costs of health services are high, most people will opt for alternative means of treatment such as the use of traditional herbs which are not effective in treatment.
Pilotto, Heinjus, Hanlon, Reid & Permezel (2011) suggests that community engagement has continually been utilized by interventionists to include the communities in addressing several concerns such as diabetes and heart disease. Therefore, I acknowledge that when the members of the Fremont community work together in a collaborative way, they can establish way of having the costs of healthcare reduced to promote the accessibility of quality services to all.


References
Cyril, S., Smith, B. J., Possamai-Inesedy, A., & Renzaho, A. M. (2015). Exploring the role of community engagement in improving the health of disadvantaged populations: a systematic review. Global health action, 8, 29842. doi:10.3402/gha.v8.29842
Pilotto, L., Heinjus, S., Hanlon, L., Reid, J., & Permezel, J. (2011). Development of a Primary Healthcare Nursing Program in Small Rural Riverina Communities. Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management, 6(2), 39–44.
Wozniak, J. R., Bellah, J., & Riley, J. M. (2016). Building a Community Garden: A Collaborative Cross-Disciplinary Academic Community Engagement Project. Journal of Business Strategies, 33(2), 95–